1.Digital _______________synonymous with speed, precision, and the future.
(A) technology, like every marketer knows, it is
(B) technology, similar to what every marketer knows as
(C) technology, as every marketer knows, is
(D) technology is what every marketer knows as
(E) technology that every marketer knows is
1.The correct answer is C
Choice (C) is correct. It avoids the errors of the original by deleting the unnecessary pronoun “it” and by using the idiomatic “as” in place of the awkward and imprecise “like.”
2.______________makes the area known as Death Valley a desert, but it is by no means devoid of life.
(A) Because it lacks water, this
(B) They lack water, which
(C) Water, the lack of which
(D) Lacking water, it
(E) Lack of water
2.The correct answer is E
Choice (E) is correct. It avoids the awkwardness and wordiness of the original by making “Lack of water” the subject of the sentence.
3.In Costa Rica, coffee, from the highlands, and bananas, produced mainly in the Caribbean lowlands,________________for nearly half the total value of all exports.
(A) as the most important crops, they account
(B) as the most important crops, which account
(C) are the most important crops, accounting
(D) are the most important of their crops by accounting
(E) have been the most important crops, which accounts
3.The correct answer is C
Choice (C) is correct. It avoids the error of the original by providing a main verb (“are”) to agree with the subject of the sentence, “coffee … and bananas.”
4._____________flowers from which the nectar is taken.
(A) They determine the color and flavor of honey by the
(B) Honey’s color and flavor is determined by which
(C) Honey’s color and flavor determined by those
(D) The color of honey, and its flavor, determined by the
(E) The color and flavor of honey are determined by the
4.The correct answer is E
Choice (E) is correct. It avoids the error of the original by removing the unnecessary pronoun “They,” and by using a well-constructed phrase, “The color and flavor … are …
5.New analyses of a fossil ______________ emerged as early as 400 million years ago.
(A) suggest winged insects having possibly
(B) suggest that winged insects may have
(C) suggesting that winged insects, they may have
(D) that suggests winged insects as having possibly
(E) that suggest winged insects to have possibly
5.The correct answer is B
Choice (B) is correct. It avoids the error of the original by replacing the awkward and wordy “suggest winged insects having possibly” with the more precise and idiomatic “suggest that winged insects may have.”
6.________a candidate for the Democratic nomination for United States president in 1972, Shirley Chisholm won 152 delegates before withdrawing from the race.
(A) One time
(B) She was
(D) To be
6.The correct answer is E
Choice (E) is correct. It avoids the error of the original by using the preposition “As” to indicate the capacity in which Shirley Chisholm “won 152 delegates.”